Conventional medicine – a system in which medical doctors and other healthcare professionals (such as nurses, pharmacists, and therapists) treat symptoms and diseases using drugs, radiation, or surgery; also called allopathic medicine, biomedicine, mainstream medicine, orthodox medicine, and Western medicine.                                                         

Complementary medicine – using conventional and non-conventional treatments together but not as equal players; i.e. the conventional treatment is the main approach with the non-conventional being supplementary or modulatory.

Integrative medicine – using conventional and non-conventional treatments together as equal players.

Alternative medicine – using a non-conventional treatment in place of conventional medicine.                                 

Holisitic medicine – consideration of the complete person, physically, psychologically, socially, and spiritually, in the management and prevention of disease.                                                                                                                                   

Traditional medicine – the sum total of the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, whether explicable or not, used in the maintenance of health as well as in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illness.

Naturopathic medicine – the avoidance of synthetic drugs, srugery, and radiation to treat disease, relying instead on natural products and promoting the body’s self-healing process.

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